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The Floodplain Forests

Floodplain forests are young landforms, ranging from minor river bed (the place where water flows at normal flow) and valley terraces (levels resulting from erosion on either side of the forest).
As a minor position on the bed, floodplain forests can be one-sided (developed asymmetrically, only on one side of the river) or bilateral (symmetrical). They range from a few meters in width, generally in the mountains and a few miles wide in the plains.

The biocenoses specific to floodplain forests are of great variety, as a result of hydrological and climatic conditions: natural and periodic surface floods, high groundwater, puddles and moors, beds, more humid microclimate, often characterized by temperature inversions.

In Romania, the largest is the valley of the Danube, therefore the floodplain forests are best represented along the river.

The forest represented in the past the characteristic vegetation of meadows. Today these forests are very limited due to land use changes and economic activities: agricultural use, hydraulic structures, road infrastructure and tourism, timber harvesting, etc.

Today, floodplain forests occupy small surfaces along the river beds and are made of moisture-loving species. The biocenoses found here are very diverse: marsh places wet, wet meadow biocenoses, biocoenoses of bushes (shrubs communities), but also forest biocenoses with large trees.


In terms of forest, flodplain forests are part of forest formations, consisting of alder (black and white), poplar (white and black), willow.

Light and water create miracles. The ground floor has a forest plant abundance: the hazel bushes, corn, thickets of ferns, sedge and lily, hatchet.

If the previous policy of Romania provided deforestation, wetland drainage and impoundment to expand agricultural land, there are currently reforestation programs.

Among the benefits of floodplain forest preservation we include: reducing erosion of banks, reducing floods risk and flood reduction. Of ecological, floodplain forests are forested wetlands, natural areas of migration, an ideal environment for nesting, with a remarkable biodiversity.

Floodplain forest types:
Coppices of white alder (Alnus Incana Moench) and black alder (Alnus glutinosa Gaertn) are typical of the hillsides meadows and low mountains. In the mountains the two forest plant species can form associations. Peculiarities of weather specific to alder are: humidity, fog, temperature inversions and very high frequency of frost.

Poplars are specific to large meadows in the plains, to hot and humid climates, even if the rainfall value is reduced.

Coppices of willow, as the poplar, characterize the wide plain meadows and also the Danube valley.