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The coniferous forests

Blessed is the country that has stillgot forests undisturbed by human activity, suggesting the eternity of virgin forests. Althoughrelatively low regarding the forest area (about26.5%), about 5% of the forest heritage of Romania is represented by the virgin and cvasivirgine forests.

Coniferous forests are typical in the northern hemisphere at higher latitudes of 55 ° which is called the taiga andmountain regions of temperate climate. In Romania, insular distributionimposed by the fragmentation of relief and altitude. The upper limit of coniferous variesbetween 1600 and 1800 m, depending on latitude and local environmental factors.

Dominant coniferousspecies are spruce(Picea abies), fir (Abies alba), redpine (Pinus sylvestris),black pine (Pinus nigra), Zambra (Pinuscembra) and larch (Larix decidua).

Forests of spruce cover the Romanian Carpathians, a strip located at altitudes of 1200-1800 m. The climate is favorableto spruce; it has an annual average temperatureof 3-5 degrees Cand the annual rainfall of 800-1300 mm, low-light. Mixed with deciduousspecies, on the slopes of narrow valleys wherethere is shade and frequent temperature inversions and moisture, spruce can befound at altitudesof 600 m. The plantgrows in association with beech, birch, maple forest. The lowest floor of coniferous forestsis low in smalltrees and shrubs.At the edge and inclearings there are bushes of bilberry, cranberry,raspberry, mountain currant, fungi, mosses, lichens (tree dandruff), ferns.

Fauna includes the spruce caterpillar, woodpeckers, the blackbird, the capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) the striped mouse, the viper (Vipera berus), the common squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris), the marten, the lynx (Lynx lynx), the roe deer (Dama dama), the brown bear (Ursus arctos), the wolf (Canis lupus), the fox (vulpes vulpes).
The plant clothes of the mountains, consisting of conifers,produce large amounts of oxygen and secretesubstances that kill pathogenic bacteria. Landscape and special properties of these forests are valuedand increase the medical tourism